Crown Lifting

This is the removal of selected branches and limbs from the lower part of the trees crown, which raises the clearance above ground level. Extensive crown lifting should if possible be phased over a number of years. With a view

Crown Reduction

A crown reduction involves only the outer part of the crown, and therefore provides only a modest reduction in overall height and spread. Understanding tree physiology is key to establishing the appropriate amount of foliage to be removed, 30% is

Crown Thinning

Crown thinning is achieved by selectively removing secondary branches within the canopy, this can reduce the sail area, while not necessarily having much effect on the overall shape and size of the crown. Crown thinning is a pruning technique used

Decay & Cavities

Trees with cavities are not uncommon, some tree species develop them more readily than others. Most originate as part of a natural process, although some are inflicted upon a tree by man induced injures. In order to evaluate the extent

Formative Pruning

Formative pruning is carried out to enhance the branch structure, enabling the tree to be free from mechanical weaknesses and in an idyllic world free from any potentially hazardous features. This is achieved in practice by removing crossing branches, co-dominant/sub-dominant stems,


A Monolith, where a decaying tree has been safely stabilised, perhaps with short stubby limbs, this practice is used to completely mitigate any risk of failure, whilst creating a valuable habitat resource; it is usually not expected that the tree


Pollards are developed by the removal of the leading shoots of trees, during immaturity, so that numerous small branches develop near the positions of cutting. A managed pollard makes it easier for the tree to seal and compartmentalise the pruning

Tree Removal

This would be seen as a last resort and should be avoided if at all possible, a tree that may warrant such attention is one that poses an unacceptable risk to people and property, which is no longer worthy of

Weak Structures

Preventive measures could have been implemented when the tree was a juvenile, failure to adopt pruning techniques such as formative pruning comes with consequences. Cable bracing and rod bracing Rod bracing is mainly used to resist tensile and more seldom